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Benteng Portugis

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Fort PortuguesseOne of the mainstay tourism object in Jepara is Portuguese fortress which is located at Banyumanis village, Keling Sub-district or 45 km North of Jepara city, and to reach it is not too difficult because the road is paved and has regular transportation.

LOCATION
Geographically this fortress seems strategic for military importance specially in the past which the canon’s range of shooting is only 2 to 3 km. This fortress is built on the top of the rocky hill,Portuguesse Gate besides the beach and right in front of it lies Mondoliko Island, so practically the straits in front of this fortress is under the control of fortress canon and will influence ship’s cruise from Jepara to East Indonesia or the other way.

HISTORY

In 1619, Jayakarta / Sunda Kelapa City was invaded by the Dutch’s VOC, and now Sunda Kelapa which was renamed Batavia was considered at the beginning of colonialism by the Dutch Imperialism in Indonesia. The king of Mataram Sultan Agung has felt the danger threatening the drop of Jayakarta city to the hand of the Dutch. That’s why the king prepared his soldiers to drive out the Dutch.This Mataram king’s strong will was executed successively in 1628 to 1629 which was ended by the lost of Mataram Mandalika Islandsoldiers.The lost made Sultan Agung thought that VOC can be defeated only through ground and sea attack together, on contrary Mataram did not have a strong sea armada, so they need help from the 3rd party who also against VOC, Portuguese. The deal between Mataram and Portuguese held and for the first step, Portuguese placed his troops in the fortress which was built by Mataram in 1632. This fortress is clearly very effective to watch the sea cruise from Jepara which became Mataram’s main harbor for export and import. But the cooperation between Mataram and Portuguese could not be realized to drive the Dutch out in Batavia, even in 1642 the Portuguese left this fortress because Malacca as Portuguese’s main city East Asia has been snatched away by the Dutch in 1641.

Perang Obor

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The traditional ceremony “Obor-oboran” is one of traditional ceremonies owned by the  society of Jepara regency, especially Tegal Sambi vilagge Tahunan district, which is the only one in Central Java and maybe in Indonesia.
Torch (obor) in the ceremony is made by two or three roll of banana mid-rit and filled with dry leaves of banana (Javanese: klaras)
The prepared torches are burnt together in order to be used as attacker. The bumped torches make a big red hot, eventually people call it “ Perang Obor” (Torch War ).

THE HISTORY OF PERANG OBOR

The traditional ceremony Perang Obor, which is per formed at Pahing Monday in the night of Pon Tuesday in the month of Dzulhijah every year, it is held by the tegal Sambi villagers basic faith of the past event happened in the village.It is said that in the 16th century there was a rich farmer named Mbah Kyai Babadan in Tegal Sambi village. He has a lot of cattle, especially buffalo and cow.
IIt was impossible for him to look after the castle by himself, so he looked for and got a shepherd named Ki Gemblong. Ki Gemblong was very diligent in looking after those animals. He bathed them in a river every morning and evening, consequently the cattle grew healthy and fat. Kyai Babadan felt so happy and flattered Ki Gemblong for his diligence and obedience in tacking after the cattle.
One day, Ki Gemblong was looking  after cattle in a river side of  Kembangan when he saw many fish and shrimps in the river. Without waiting any longer, he caught the fish and shrimps, cooked and ate them in stable.
After that Ki Gemblong caught the fish and shrimps almost everyday. He forgot about his duty as a shepherd. As the result, the buffaloes and cows become weak and sick even death. This condition made Kyai babadan confused. He tried to heal his cattle by magic formulas but it didn’t work.
Finally Kyai Babadan found out the reason why his cattle become weak and sick. It was because Ki Gemblong liked to catch some fish and shrimps to be cooked and eaten more than looked after those animals.
Kyai Babadan was so angry. Finding Ki Gemblong cooked the fish, Kyai Babadan hit Ki Gemblong with a torch made by coconut palm. Ki Gemblong also took the some torch to face Kyai Babadan.
The torch war finally began. The fire from the torch spread everywhere and burnt up stubble next to the stable. The fire made the buffaloes and cows run away and unexpectedly the sick animals healed even where able to stand upright and ate in the field.
Tegalsambi villagers finally accepted the unexpected and amazing event as a miracle, that by the torch war all disease would be healed.
Nowadays, the traditional ceremony “Perang Obor” in used as away of sedekah bumi, (as) an expression of thanks to god for his mercy to the Tegalsambi villager. The ceremony is held once a year

Makam dan Masijd Mantingan

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Mantingan MosqueMantingan Mosque and grave are located in Mantingan village, Tahunan sub-district, 5 km Southward Jepara town centre. This village is well known as a village where Sultan Hadlirin and his wife, queen Kalinyamat was buried. Sultan Hadlirin was a Moslem leader who spread Islamic knowledge in the North coast. The Mantingan Mosque was the second Mosque after great Mosque of Demak.Reaching this Mosque and grave is quite easy, because public transportation is available. The people of Mantingan are mostly Moslem and work in furniture industry.

HISTORY AND LEGENDS

Stated above that the Mantingan Mosque was the second Mosque. The Mosque was built in 1481 S until 1559 C. according to statement stated inside the Mosque “ RUPA BRAHMANA WANASARI”  Mantingan Gatewritten by son of R. Muhayat, his name R. Toyib. In the beginning R. Toyib studied Islamic knowledge in Mecca and China. After finishing his study, he then moved to Jepara. R. Toyib married Ratu Kalinyamat (Retno Kencono), a daughter of  Sultan Trenggono from Demak kingdom. He then was called “Sultan Hadlirin” and throned as ‘Adipati Jepara’ until he passed away and finally was buried beside the Mosque that he had built.
In the graveyard area, his wife and his Chinese relative, named CIE GWI GWAN were also buried. The graveyard fully crowded at “Khol” (the day where people commemorate the death of Sultan Hadlirin’s death) also at ceremonial moment to change banner covered the Sultan’s tomb. This ceremonial moment is held once a year at 17 Robiul Awal (month of Moslem calendar), same with the date of Jepara anniversary.
The grave is believed by many people that has magical power. Husband and wife who haven’t got any Mantingan Gatechild yet supposed to visit the grave yard and pick some fallen pace fruits. The ‘Pace’ fruit then has to be eaten by the husband and wife, if god may permit, the husband and wife will get baby.
Another magical power in this grave is the holy water, local people believe that the water used to get the truth of someone. Jeparanase people use this water when they are facing a problem by drinking the water, but it’s just a belief, you may believe or not.

Jepara Pavilion

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Jepara Pavilion at Maerokoco Castle Semarang was built based of the letter of the former Province Governor of Central Java, Number : 510.1/32442 dated on August 29th, 1991 as the information and promotion service of Jepara Regency on the source full non oil and gas commodities in the form of craft industries of tourism.The Jepara Pavilion at Maerokoco Castle Semarang is about 890,74 m2 wide consisting of :
1. Traditional Building 63 m2
2. Pradonggo Birowo Building 29,16 m2
3. Sculpture Palace Building 9 m2
4. Multifunction Building 147 m2
5. Mantingan Gateway Building 12,75 m2
6. Songgolangit Waterfall Miniature Building 16 m2
7. Toilet / Service Room Building 227,70 m2
8. Garden 373,33 m2
9. Paza Building 217 m2
The construction of Jepara Pavilion in Maerokoco Castle Semarang was started in June 1992 and finished in July 1993, costed as much Rp 407.887.600,- (Four hundred seven million eight hundred eighty seven thousand six hundred rupiahs) through Inpres 1993/1994.

PORTRAIT ON JEPARA PAVILION

1. Buildings included in the Jepara Pavilion consist of :
a. Jepara Mansion
This kind of building is a traditional building of Jepara tradition which recently can be found the special characteristics of the building architecture as follows :
- The building materials are made from wood is carved wooden wall.
- The middle of the building has four pillars
- Tile-made roof and special with puppet-motives-carving guardhouse.
Where are the philosophies of Jepara Mansion Building are as follows:
- Facing the sea meaning to think widely.
- Opposing a mountain meaning never arrogant nor stubborn
- Pyramidal roof meaning religious thinking, i.e., divine alignment that is powerful over the universe.
- The three pieces of doors in front imply crystallization of relationship between :
- Human to god
- Human to human
- Human to nature
- Never-breaking but curving dome representing the intelligible people’s way of life.
b. Pradonggo Birowo Building
This building is a duplicate one based on the origin located lefts side verandah of Jepara Regency. The building functions as place of gamelan orchestra consisting just kendang (small drum), kecrek (piece of metal), kempul and genjur.The gamelan orchestra is usually played every Mondays, so it is called GONG SENEN (Monday’s Orchestra) by Jepara people.
c. Sculpture Palace
This building is a monumental one for the potency of craft industries in Jepara, i.e., in carving sculpture of a man describing a man sculpturing wood into a horse-sculpture many a dynamic symbol of Jepara as a city of craft industry.
d. Multifunction Building
This building was constructed for Jepara art interest in the given-programmed events.
e. Mantingan Gateway Building
This gateway is an existing ancient gateway in Mantingan village being the first gate to Kalinyamat Queen Tomb and Mantingan ancient Mosque. As seen based on the architecture point of view, this mantingan ancient gateway was built in the end of 17th century, i.e., in Arabic meaning, ghoruuren in forming people coming  into the  complex of  Mantingan  Mosque  and Kalinyamat Queen Tomb in order to remember to ask mercy’s sake to the great unity.
f. Songgolangit Waterfall Miniature
This building is a prototype of a beautiful-natural tourism object with waterfall located in Bucu village of Kembang Sub-district.
g. Toilet / Service Room
This building is located beside toilet interest function and as a store room.
2. The description of the contents and building uses
a. The construction of Jepara Mansion building will be filled with:
- RA Kartini’s duplicate furniture (table-chairs)
- An ancient ceramic table
- Traditional loom from Troso
- A picture of RA Kartini
- An imaginative picture of Kalinyamat Queen
- Some samples of Jepara art industrial products, i.e. relief, string woven clothes, monels, etc.
b. In a certain time, Jepara Mansion is concerted with multifunction building that can be use as exhibition arena.
3. Artistic entertainmentOn the given event, the multifunction building can be used as well for the needs of specialty entertainment of Jepara among other things: emprak, kentrung, ketoprak, and other (dramas and dances).

Pantai Tirta Samudera / Bandengan

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Pantai Tirta Samudera yang lebih dikenal dengan pantai bandengan merupakan salah satu tempat tujuan wisata favorit di Jepara. Berada sekitar 7 KM dari pusat kota, pantai bandengan mempunyai pasir yang putih dan udara yang sejuk sehingga nyaman untuk wisata keluarga.

Selain bermain pasir dan berenang, keluarga anda juga dapat menikmati permainan-permainan air yang tersedia di pantai bandengan seperti bermain kano, jet ski, banana boat dan lain-lain yang bisa memacu adrenalin keluarga anda. Dan di pantai bandengan ini pula merupakan tempat yang paling eksotis dan indah untuk melihat indahnya matahari terbenam (sun set).

Bagi anda yang ingin menikmati suasana malam di pantai bandengan, anda tidak perlu khawatir dan bingung untuk mencari penginapan. Karena di pantai ini terdapat beberapa penginapan serta resort yang bisa anda gunakan untuk beristirahat.

Bandengan Beach